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Don’t Roll the Dice on Taxes from Gambling Income

Did you just win some money at the casino? Before you start making plans to spend your newfound fortune, remember that the IRS gets a portion of your winnings. You’re required to pay taxes on cash winnings from:

Noncash winnings — like a vacation or a new car — are also considered a source of income, and you are required to report the fair market value of prizes too.

Winnings from casual gambling — which means you aren’t in the trade or business of gambling — are fully taxable and have to be reported on your federal tax return. Depending on where you live, you might have to pay state taxes as well. Each state has its own rules on taxing gambling winnings. Gambling losses can be deducted, but only up to the extent of your winnings.

You should receive a Form W-2G, Certain Gambling Winnings, from the payer. In fact, the payer is required to issue the form if you receive:

Generally, if your winnings meet or exceed the above thresholds, the casino or establishment will withhold 25 percent of your winnings in taxes before paying you your share. Form W-2G will summarize each payment or transaction. There may be state taxes too.

You must report all gambling winnings, even those not reported on the W-2G form. Gambling losses can be deducted only if you itemize deductions and keep a record of your winnings and losses. The amount of losses you deduct can’t be more than the amount of gambling income you reported on your return. (Starting with tax year 2018, it may not make sense for you to itemize, even though you’ve itemized in past years, because the standard deduction is much larger.)

However, for tax purposes, all the gambling activity doesn’t have to take place in one session. If you win $5,000 in May and lose $5,000 in November, the later loss can be deducted against the earlier win.

You should remember to keep an accurate diary of your winnings and losses — some way of recording via receipts, tickets or statements to show the amounts of each.

Unlike income taxes, gambling winnings aren’t subject to a progressive tax, meaning you pay the IRS the same percentage on $5,000 in winnings as you would on $100,000 in winnings.

Finally, know that this guidance is for recreational gamblers who make occasional visits to Las Vegas, for example. If you’re one of those rare individuals who gambles as a full-time job, the situation is a little different.

If you’ve had gambling winnings or losses, be sure to ask your tax professional

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